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    Energy Potential of Turkey and Investment Opportunities

    In todays' dynamic/developing era energy is a top priority since the shortage is an obvious fact. Major holding companies are selling their assets in their banking arms and transferring the cash to investments in energy (electricity, gas, oil, coal reneweable). Turkey is rich in natural energy resources, and it would like to diversify its sources of primary energy through oil and natural gas exploration, hydroelectric production and other renewable energy sources.

    Demographic and economic growth add growing energy needs in Turkey. There is a hot market for electrical energy efficiency technologies, products and programs as economic growth demanding at a very fast rate, even faster than new generation stations can be built and brought on line.

    In order to increase the security of energy supply in the long term, Turkey would be promoting private sector to invest on electricity distribution and generation, construction of dams, energy efficiency, development of renewable energy sources, e.g. wind, solar, geothermal, etc. Turkey is also encouraging foreign investors to implement the energy projects to create the additional capacity needed.


    Turkey is home to an ideal geography for wind and solar energy investments, with an average of over seven hours of sunshine a day and borders with the Aegean, Black and Mediterranean Seas, it would be a wise strategy to investment in such renewable energy sources.

    Turkey has the richest geothermal resources in Europe and seventh biggest in the world with a potential of around 33,000 MW of electricity generation capacity a year. However, the current capacity is around 4,000 MW; therefore the government is planning to open geothermal areas for the operation of private sector. Turkey is also considering establishment of nuclear energy besides the renewable energy.

    Turkey is offering incentives, such as land grants and tax exemptions to companies investing in renewable energy sources, such as biomass, wind, solar and geothermal energy. The Electricity Market Licensing Regulation provides several incentives for generation facilities based on renewable energy resources, such as a reduction in license fees, an exemption from license fees for the first eight years of operation, options to wholesale the private sector, and a degree of purchasing priority.

    Turkey Being Hub for Energy Transfer in the Region

    Turkey is also a main energy corridor between Europe and the Middle East as well as the Central Asian Republics, which gives Turkey an important role as an energy hub. Massive investments are underway or planned for the region.  Investors with vision and foreseen demand in this sector are seeking project to finance in Turkey and Central Asian Republics.   There are many opportunities for investors and companies a great opportunity to target a brand new, untapped and highly lucrative market.

    Turkey aims to be a transit route and hub for the transportation of energy sources (oil, gas and electricity) in the region to the international markets. In this respect, construction of new or rehabilitation of existing energy transportation infrastructure (pipelines, railways, maritime transportation facilities, etc) and storage facilities are in pipeline.


    Although Turkey had a wide variety of minerals, its resources are only partially developed. until recent years. Turkey is the world's largest producer of boron, accounting for half of world output. Turkey is rich in industrial minerals barite, celestite (strontium), clays, emery, feldspar, limestone, magnesite, marble, perlite, pumice, and trona (soda ash). Other minerals actively exploited and marketed were copper, chromite, iron ore, sulfur, pyrite, manganese, mercury, lead, zinc, and meerschaum. Turkey’s iron and steel industry’s are the most integrated, focusing on an export market. Chromite is Turkey’s largest metal product, followed by some smaller gold, base metal and bauxite production.

    One of Turkey’s largest integrated mining and beneficiation company’s is Eti Holdings which has several smaller subsidiary units responsible for several mining activities throughout Turkey. Despite the divestment of a large portion of the state-owned minerals sector holdings, to domestic and foreign investors, the government remained a significant factor in most sectors of the minerals industry, through shareholdings in a number of private companies and various state-owned industrial corporations. In recent years, the government has been encouraging mineral exports as well as domestic and foreign private mining investment.



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